Rumpfhuber,Till,KLEIN Goodbun

The Design of Scarcity

Lera Shapikahas quotedlast year
We need to reject the idea that human desire is tied simply to unlimited needs, and instead use desire as an active force for change.
Lera Shapikahas quotedlast year
The creation of lack becomes an art of capitalist society, restricting access to commodities in order to create endless want. Desire is thus artificially manipulated by the market: it is reduced to the lack of commodity, extinguishing the multiple facets of what desire can mean to life
Lera Shapikahas quotedlast year
It is also a call to action that asks us to reconsider the relation of lack and desire.
Lera Shapikahas quotedlast year
is a call to action that asks us to reject the inevitability of scarcity, because accepting scarcity as a persistent natural law justifies inequity in advance.
Lera Shapikahas quotedlast year
Design in its original meaning of disegno relates to the idea of drawing forth.34 To design is to project into the future, to plan for future conditions. Design imagines future scenarios that differ from the present conditions, not unlike the most progressive aspects of the project of modernity.
Lera Shapikahas quotedlast year
ll these tactics – optimisation, restarting, adaptation and redistribution – deploy design intelligence in a manner that redefines the ends of design. Designers generally define themselves by exercising their creativity through creation – of freshness, of innovation as expressed through new objects. Optimising, restarting, adapting and redistributing do not produce these images of progress on which design has drawn on as default.
Lera Shapikahas quotedlast year
Scarcity is thus exaggerated. Design thus needs to adapt the existing, so one category becomes another, an office a house. A second approach is to design for future adaptation and against the single category, so the objects and spaces can assume multiple and hybrid uses, thereby avoiding future redundancy.
Lera Shapikahas quotedlast year
As we argued before, obsolescence is too often intentionally designed into systems in order to keep the market in a permanent state of demand.
Lera Shapikahas quotedlast year
The most poignant symbol of the linear model of production is obsolescence, in which design objects are deemed to have reached the end of their life.
Lera Shapikahas quotedlast year
They argue that ecological design is not about efficiency or reducing the use of resources but rather demands an expanded ecological conception of the entire life-cycle and metabolism of matter
Lera Shapikahas quotedlast year
Optimisation has become a catchword for corporate progress. By making “efficiency gains”, the argument of the corporate world is that waste (human and non-human) will be reduced, and with it scarcity mitigated.
Lera Shapikahas quotedlast year
Optimisation, restarting, adaptation and redistribution all deal in broad terms specifically with the contextual and designed nature of scarcity, and start from the point of view of a networked and interrelated world.
Lera Shapikahas quotedlast year
The expanded sense of design is thus not enough on its own. Design under conditions of scarcity has to act with an awareness of the constitution of those constraints, and then project outwards from them.
Lera Shapikahas quotedlast year
Instead of attempting to solve scarcity, it is better to redefine it not as a problem but as a constraint to make sense of.
Lera Shapikahas quotedlast year
designers have to move away from a purely linear, problem-solving manner. “Solving” the problem of scarcity is only very partial: it often doesn’t address the underlying reasons as to how that scarcity has been designed in the first instance.
Lera Shapikahas quotedlast year
Constraint is not submitted to but engaged with, interpreted and given meaning. Architecture and design then becomes a process of negotiation amidst a mixed set of social, political and material forces and constraints: human and non-human, needs and availabilities, technologies, knowledge and matter. Clues as to how one might engage with these complex networks might be found in the field of ecology.
Lera Shapikahas quotedlast year
constraint does not only limit possible elements, it is also opportunity.”27 Constraints must be satisfied, but the way that they are satisfied remains open. Constraints are real (and so cannot be avoided) but not so fixed that they determine only one way of responding
Lera Shapikahas quotedlast year
Under conditions of scarcity, architecture and design can be defined as practices within a field of constraints. “Constraints” here have different connotations to limits or barriers. A limit might be definitive and a barrier might be overcome, but a constraint stresses scarcity’s elasticity: a constraint is variable and can be engaged with productively
Lera Shapikahas quotedlast year
Sustainable design may result in a lessening of extraction from the biosphere, and thus does align with imperatives that arise from the increasing scarcity of resources.
Lera Shapikahas quotedlast year
The idea of limits is played out very clearly in the current debates around sustainability. The very word establishes the principle of sustaining existing patterns, including those of growth and development.
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