Marion Nestle

Food Politics

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Soliloquios Literarioshas quoted3 years ago
Food industry pressures on Congress and federal agencies, ties between nutritionists and the food industry, and the inability of just about everyone to separate science from personal beliefs and opinions (whether recognized or not) affect dietary advice.
Soliloquios Literarioshas quoted3 years ago
Like pretty much every committee that has considered the issue, this one viewed the preponderance of the evidence as favoring a population-based approach—meaning a recommendation that everyone cut down on salt intake—on the grounds that prevention always is preferable to treatment and that not everyone has access to medical diagnosis
Soliloquios Literarioshas quoted3 years ago
How dairy foods came to be considered essential despite their high content of fat, saturated fat, and lactose is a topic of considerable historical interest. As it turns out, nutritionists have collaborated with dairy lobbies to promote the nutritional value of dairy products since the early years of the twentieth century.
Soliloquios Literarioshas quoted3 years ago
Despite rapidly rising rates of obesity and related diseases in FAO’s constituent countries, its guide contains no hint that people might be healthier if they ate less of some foods than of others. When it comes to dietary advice, the science that favors consumption of some foods more than others is difficult to disentangle from the commercial implications of such advice.
Soliloquios Literarioshas quoted3 years ago
Healthy People In 1979 the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare (DHEW) issued Healthy People, a report from the surgeon general, intended to “encourage a second public health revolution in the history of the United States. And let us make no mistake about the significance of this document. It represents an emerging consensus among scientists and the health community that the Nation’s health strategy must be dramatically recast to emphasize the prevention of disease.”27
Soliloquios Literarioshas quoted3 years ago
In the mid-1980s, the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) announced a national campaign to lower blood cholesterol across the entire population, beginning with advice to reduce intake of fat and saturated fat. Although some physicians argued that people did not need to restrict their diets until doctors told them to, the NHLBI judged scientific support for a population-wide campaign sufficiently strong to justify its implementation
Soliloquios Literarioshas quoted3 years ago
Large portions attract customers who flock to all-you-can-eat restaurants and order double-scoop ice cream cones because the relative prices discourage the choice of smaller portions
Soliloquios Literarioshas quoted3 years ago
When food is plentiful and people can afford to buy it, basic biological needs become less compelling and the principal determinant of food choice is personal preference.
Soliloquios Literarioshas quoted3 years ago
Once people have access to meat, they usually do not return to eating plant-based diets unless they are forced to do so by economic reversal or are convinced to do so for reasons of religion, culture, or health
Soliloquios Literarioshas quoted3 years ago
Also ironic is that once people become better off, they are observed to enter a “nutrition transition” in which they abandon traditional plant-based diets and begin eating more meat, fat, and processed foods. The result is a sharp increase in obesity and related chronic diseases
Soliloquios Literarioshas quoted3 years ago
On a population basis, the balance between getting enough of the right kinds of nutrients and avoiding too much of the wrong kinds is best achieved by diets that include large proportions of energy from plant foods—fruits, vegetables, and grains.
Soliloquios Literarioshas quoted3 years ago
Whereas “eat less beef” called the industry to arms, “eat less saturated fat” did not
Soliloquios Literarioshas quoted3 years ago
My first day on the job, I was given the rules: No matter what the research indicated, the report could not recommend “eat less meat” as a way to reduce intake of saturated fat, nor could it suggest restrictions on intake of any other category of food.
Soliloquios Literarioshas quoted3 years ago
Food companies will make and market any product that sells, regardless of its nutritional value or its effect on health.
Soliloquios Literarioshas quoted3 years ago
I hoped that Food Politics would encourage people to stop thinking about food companies as social service agencies. They are not. The primary goals of food companies are to sell products, increase returns to investors, and report quarterly growth to Wall Street
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