Emma Marriott

The History of the World in Bite-Sized Chunks

Nicolas Palacioshas quotedlast month
The Enlightenment, or Age of Reason, was a cultural and philosophical movement underpinned by a belief in the power of reason
Nicolas Palacioshas quotedlast month
The drastic population decline brought about by the Black Death also brought huge social and economic changes. A shortage of labour and more available land, particularly in Western Europe, increased the bargaining power of the peasant worker. Uprisings among the peasantry increased and by the sixteenth century, serfdom (a type of bonded labour) had largely disappeared in places like England, although it remained a feature of Eastern Europe and Russia, areas less affected by the Black Death
Nicolas Palacioshas quotedlast month
Increasing theological and political differences between the Byzantine Eastern Churches and the Western Roman Church led to a final and permanent separation between the two in 1054, a watershed in Church history known as the Great Schism (or East–West Schism).
Nicolas Palacioshas quotedlast month
fter his death in 814, Charlemagne’s empire fell apart after it was split between his three grandsons into the separate kingdoms of France, Italy and Germany.
Nicolas Palacioshas quotedlast month
While Barbarian invaders ravaged the Western Roman Empire (see here), the Eastern Roman Empire and its capital of Constantinople (now Istanbul) thrived. Its first emperor Constantine (reigned AD 324–37) had promoted religious tolerance and made Christianity the Eastern Empire’s official religion
Nicolas Palacioshas quotedlast month
The Gupta dynasty is often called the ‘Golden Age of India’, as art, architecture and literature flourished during long periods of peace and prosperity. Wonderful palaces and temples were built and major literature written in Sanskrit, including the epic stories of the Mahrabharata and the Ramayana, crucial to the development of Hinduism, which are still retold and re-enacted across south-east Asia today.
Nicolas Palacioshas quotedlast month
Carthage was then re-founded as a Roman city, during which time it prospered, later becoming a centre of Christianity. In AD 533 it was incorporated into the Byzantine Empire, and was eventually destroyed by the Arabs in AD 705, and replaced by Tunis.
Nicolas Palacioshas quotedlast month
The Sāssānid Empire, established by Ardashīr I in AD 224, is considered to be one of the most important and influential periods in Iranian history, when ancient Persian culture (prior to the Muslim conquests) reached its peak.
Nicolas Palacioshas quotedlast month
It was around this time that the ancient Persian religion of Zoroastrianism became more established. Originally developing from Iran c. 600 BC, its concepts of resurrection, the final judgment, and heaven and hell would also influence the world religions of Islam, Judaism and Christianity
Nicolas Palacioshas quotedlast month
Indus settlements were also marked by some of the most advanced plumbing and drainage systems in the world
Nicolas Palacioshas quotedlast month
It’s thought that the Hittites were the first civilization to produce iron on a large scale, using it for tools and weaponry, thus initiating the Iron Age
Nicolas Palacioshas quotedlast month
The earliest period of Ancient Egypt, known as the Old Kingdom (c. 2575–2130 BC), was ruled by a number of powerful pharaohs
Nicolas Palacioshas quotedlast month
The first known system of writing originated in Sumer: at first pictographic, it gradually evolved into a series of simplified wedge-shaped signs formed using reed stalks on clay tablets (the script came to be called ‘cuneiform’, meaning ‘wedge-shaped’ in Latin
b9044793127has quoted4 months ago
Africa’s first farming societies had developed before climate change had turned the Sahara into desert.
Shubhankar Zingrehas quoted5 months ago
Under the leadership of Muhammad’s father-in-law Abū Bakr (known as the ‘caliph’, meaning successor or deputy) and the caliph Omar, the new faith of Islam was taken beyond the Arab peninsula into Palestine, Sāssānid Persia and Egypt. Thereafter Arab armies took control of the whole of North Africa, large parts of Asia (including western India) and from around 670 repeatedly attempted, without success, to conquer Constantinople.
Shubhankar Zingrehas quoted5 months ago
Muhammad’s escape from assassins to join his followers in Medina on 16 July 622, is known as the Migration – the ‘Hegira’ – and the Islamic calendar is dated from this year.
Shubhankar Zingrehas quoted5 months ago
In around AD 610, an Arab merchant living in Mecca, Muhammad, had a vision in which he was instructed to proclaim the greatness of One Almighty God, Allah.
Shubhankar Zingrehas quoted5 months ago
The African kingdom of Kush (see here) was overthrown in AD 300 by the great trading empire of Aksum,
Shubhankar Zingrehas quoted5 months ago
Pockets of Celtic culture and language survived only on the fringes of Europe: in Brittany, Wales, Scotland, Ireland and the Isle of Man (Breton, Welsh, Scottish Gaelic and Irish are all Celtic languages in origin).
Shubhankar Zingrehas quoted5 months ago
The Celts were a group of Indo-European tribes who by 500 BC lived in south-west Germany, north-east France
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