Jacob F.Field

A Short History of the World in 50 Places

Özer Yılmaztekinhas quoted16 days ago
Around 2 million years ago the earliest humans emerged in sub-Saharan Africa. They have been classified as Homo habilis (‘skilful man’). Over the millennia they evolved into modern humans, Homo sapiens (‘wise man’), which settled across the world.
Шохнигор Улмасоваhas quoted22 days ago
Knowledge of our distant ancestors was made possible because of a series of discoveries at Olduvai Gorge in Tanzania.
Шохнигор Улмасоваhas quoted22 days ago
OLDUVAI GORGE

Around 2 million years ago the earliest humans emerged in sub-Saharan Africa. They have been classified as Homo habilis (‘skilful man’). Over the millennia they evolved into modern humans, Homo sapiens (‘wise man’),
Muneera Al Hendihas quoted2 months ago
The Kingdom of Aksum, which originated in modern-day Ethiopia, was one of Africa’s greatest medieval powers.
Muneera Al Hendihas quoted2 months ago
This Turkish War of Independence resulted in the overthrow of the Ottoman Empire and the declaration of the Republic of Turkey in 1923.
Muneera Al Hendihas quoted2 months ago
ts non-Turkish territories independence. Allied troops remained in Istanbul and the Straits were placed under the authority of an international commission that the Ottoman Empire could only join if and when it was admitted to the League of Nations. In response to the terms, the army officer Mustafa Kemal (1881–1938) led an armed nationalist uprising that rejected Sèvres.
Muneera Al Hendihas quoted2 months ago
In 1920, the Ottoman Empire signed the Treaty of Sèvres, which gave its non-Turkish territories independence.
Muneera Al Hendihas quoted2 months ago
On 1 August 1914, a few days after the outbreak of World War I, the two ships were requisitioned by the British government.
Muneera Al Hendihas quoted2 months ago
The next day, Germany and the Ottomans signed an alliance, where the Germans would offer military support in return for being allowed movement through Ottoman territory.
Muneera Al Hendihas quoted2 months ago
The Ottomans were a Muslim Turkish people, named after the founder of their dynasty, Osman I (d. 1323/4), who had ruled a small kingdom in Anatolia.
Muneera Al Hendihas quoted2 months ago
It became the capital of the Byzantine Empire, which was a continuation of Rome’s eastern provinces (at its peak in the early sixth century it also ruled much of Italy, North Africa and southern Spain).
Muneera Al Hendihas quoted2 months ago
As the centre of power in the Roman Empire shifted east and its territories in the west were conquered by invading tribes, Constantinople grew to outrank Rome itself in size, wealth and significance.
Muneera Al Hendihas quoted2 months ago
Separating Europe and Asia, and the Mediterranean and Black Sea, are two narrow straits, the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles, which are connected by the Sea of Marmara.
Muneera Al Hendihas quoted2 months ago
During the later fourth and fifth century, the Roman Empire came under attack from Germanic and Hunnish tribes. Rome became a backwater overshadowed by other cities in Italy, such as Ravenna and Milan. Rome was sacked in 410 by the Visigoths, and in 455 by the Vandals. In 476, the Germanic ruler Odoacer (433–93) sacked Rome and established himself as King of Italy. Although the Roman Empire continued in the east as Byzantium, this was the end of the Western Roman Empire.
Muneera Al Hendihas quoted2 months ago
it was the largest church in the world.
Muneera Al Hendihas quoted2 months ago
It was paved with marble, porphyry and coloured granite that was quarried from as far afield as Egypt and Anatolia.
Muneera Al Hendihas quoted2 months ago
The floor was slightly convex so it would drain more quickly if any rain fell through the oculus.
Muneera Al Hendihas quoted2 months ago
The frame was then removed after the concrete dried.
Muneera Al Hendihas quoted2 months ago
The dome was cast in one piece by filling a wooden frame with concrete to create a perfect hemispheric form.
Muneera Al Hendihas quoted2 months ago
Its main feature was its dome, the largest in the ancient world.
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