Bill Mayblin,R.L.Trask

Linguistics

    Soufiane Elberradhas quoted3 months ago
    A PEOPLE’S SPEECH IS THEIR SPIRIT, AND THEIR SPIRIT IS THEIR SPEECH.
    Дарья Патрушеваhas quoted7 months ago
    A sign language is a real language, just like English or Spanish. A sign language can be acquired by a child as its first language. A sign language has a large vocabulary and a rich and elaborate system of grammar: breaking a rule of grammar is just as bad in a sign language as it is in a spoken language.
    Дарья Патрушеваhas quoted7 months ago
    Every spoken language contains a small number of basic sound units, or phonemes. Among the phonemes of English are /k/, /æ/ and /t/. If we produce these phonemes in the order /kæt /, we get the word cat. But the order /tæk/ gives us tack, while /ækt/ yields act, /æt/ gives at, and /tækt/ gives tact or tacked (which are pronounced identically, in spite of their different structures).
    Дарья Патрушеваhas quoted7 months ago
    How many languages are there? At present, well over 6,500.
    Дарья Патрушеваhas quoted7 months ago
    A further aspect of Saussure’s work is an emphasis upon two very different approaches to the study of language: a synchronic approach, in which we focus on the structure of a language at a particular moment in time (not necessarily the present), and a diachronic approach, in which we look at the development of a language over time.
    elfilina72has quotedlast year
    Third, if an n is immediately followed by a consonant pronounced with the lips, like b, change the n to m.

    These rules produce the required result:

    impenetrable
    Некто Никтоhas quotedlast year
    A further aspect of Saussure’s work is an emphasis upon two very different approaches to the study of language: a synchronic approach, in which we focus on the structure of a language at a particular moment in time (not necessarily the present), and a diachronic approach, in which we look at the development of a language over time.
    Некто Никтоhas quotedlast year
    a structuralist approach, it is the structural relation that matters, not the objective phonetic facts.
    Некто Никтоhas quotedlast year
    A LINGUISTIC SIGN IS NOT A LINK BETWEEN A THING AND A NAME, BUT BETWEEN A CONCEPT AND A SOUND-PATTERN. THE SOUND PATTERN IS NOT ACTUALLY A SOUND, FOR A SOUND IS SOMETHING PHYSICAL. A SOUND PATTERN IS THE HEARER’S PSYCHOLOGICAL IMPRESSION OF A SOUND.
    Некто Никтоhas quotedlast year
    general linguistics: the study of how languages are put together and how they work.
    Некто Никтоhas quotedlast year
    t was Thrax who produced the first complete grammar of Greek
    Wissam Bmhas quoted2 years ago
    OUR LANGUAGE FACULTY IS OUR ABILITY TO LEARN AND USE A LANGUAGE.
    AND IT’S ONE OF THE CHARACTERISTICS THAT SET HUMAN BEINGS APART FROM ALL OTHER CREATURES ON THE PLANET.
    Wissam Bmhas quoted2 years ago
    general linguistics: the study of how languages are put together and how they work.
    Nadya Krupnovahas quoted2 years ago
    Pinker argues that our language faculty consists of two large, important and distinct components.

    One component is the storage, or look-up, element
    Nadya Krupnovahas quoted2 years ago
    The other component is the rules which we gradually construct during acquisition, rules (in English) like “Make a plural by adding -s” and “Make a past tense by adding -ed”.

    Both components are essential: the rules are useless if we haven’t memorized some things to apply them to, while doing without rules would mean we would have to memorize and look up absolutely everything – a formidable task.
    Nadya Krupnovahas quoted2 years ago
    Disordered language resulting from brain damage is called aphasia (or dysphasia), and several different types are known
    Nadya Krupnovahas quoted2 years ago
    As a result, some followers of Chomsky’s nativism have reacted by concluding that the principles of Universal Grammar must be more abstract than we had previously suspected. The principles can be stated only at a very high level of abstraction, remote from the surface forms of utterances, which result only from the interaction of the abstract principles with other devices and requirements.
    Nadya Krupnovahas quoted2 years ago
    Chomsky’s view that UG is innate is known as the hypothesis of linguistic nativism. And this hypothesis is deeply controversial. Many philosophers and psychologists – and also linguists – have reacted to it with anger or contempt. For many of these critics, nativism is not really a hypothesis, but only a retreat from scientific investigation
    Nadya Krupnovahas quoted2 years ago
    The American linguist Noam Chomsky has for decades been arguing for a very strong view of our built-in linguistic endowment.
    Nadya Krupnovahas quoted2 years ago
    Such observations show clearly that the child cannot be proceeding by memorization or imitation. Instead, it must be constructing rules. And this is one of the most profound findings of modern linguistics: a child learning a first language actively constructs the language as it goes.

    Indeed, most linguists are now satisfied that children are born with a biological language faculty, an innate disposition to acquire language. This innate faculty requires nothing more than a certain amount of stimulation from other people to be set in motion.
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